There are 2 groups of consonants: Voiced and voiceless. When you pronounce voiced consonants, your throat should vibrate. Put your fingers around your throat (Adam's Apple) and feel your throat vibrate. When you pronounce voiceless consonants, your throat does not vibrate. Only air comes out of your mouth. It's same air that would come out if you blew a birthday candle. There are more voiced consonants than voiceless ones. Compare between voiced and voiceless consonants as follows.
Voiced and voiceless consonants

VoicedVoicelessVoiced (Examples)Voiceless (Examples)

English Consonants: Spellings and Manner of Articulation


wrap, pay, puppy

Stop Consonants

We (start or finishing point) stop the air completely.


grab, bat, Bobby


talked, tent


talked, tent


beg, get, bigger, ghost, colleague


lick, coat, kill, technology, folks, acquire, liquor


laugh, phone, fat, stuff


We let the air leak through a narrow passage.


live, visit, of, Stephen


kiss, sick, rice, cycle, science, psychology, listen, box


lose, zero, buzz, has, scissors, xylophone


/cash, ship, special, station, tension, machine, ocean, conscience, sure, issue/


leisure, garage, decision, azure


thin, both, ether


bathe, there


hot, who


manage, jam, bridge, suggest, soldier


We block the air and then abruptly release it.


reach, chocolate, watch, future, question, righteous


text, fax, next, hacks, jokes


dream, meet, summer, climb, calm, autumn


We push air out from our nose.


listen, nut, sunny, know, gnat, pneumonia


sing, song


run, care, carry, wrong, rhythm

Liquid (Approximant)

We position the tongue in a manner that obstructs the airflow but without causing a friction (as in the case of /s/ or /f/, hence the term fricative)resulting in a consonant with a vowel-like quality.


sell, land


would, white, quick, choir

Glide (Approximant)

We begin a sound from a vowel position and end it in a consonant's.

/j/ or /ju/

Year-queue, beautiful, few, view, use, cue, feud

Tapped “t” and “d”

We quickly tap the tongue tip against the gum ridge.


City, letter, ladder, interested in

Glottal stop

We block the air from the glottis.


That is referred to as the glottal stop, often used to pronounce "t".